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Advances in Scaling and Modeling of Land-Atmosphere Interactions

Every second, an extraordinary number and variety of organisms on land leverage the resources of soil, water, and air to function, grow, and reproduce. These individual actions by plants, fungi, microorganisms, animals, and humans across the Earth’s surface have wide ramifications on Earth system processes. Among those are the transfer of heat, water vapor, and momentum between surface and atmosphere, hydrologic flows in rivers, streams, and groundwater, and mineral transformations in the lithosphere. However, observing and predicting how these processes evolve continues to be challenging.

-By , Brian Butterworth, Stefan Metzger, and Matthias Mauder